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Religion Completion and Blessing Accomplishment

 

Ghadir is the basis of Islamic religion and the result of the Prophet's (P.B.U.H) prophethood. The name of Ghadir is the determiner of the straight path until the last day of life, and the lecture of Ghadir is the live proof of it that its result is Amir-al-Mo'menin's (A.S) trusteeship (vilayat). During the history of Islam Prophet's mission, only the Ghadir pronouncement has been discussed with special introduction, in special place and among enormous gathering, because God's other commandments were told either in the Prophet's (P.B.U.H) mosque or in that holiness' house for a group of people, and then the news would go to everyone else. Therefore, we can understand the reason why Ghadir case is distinct.

The Event of Ghadir

In 10th year of the (Hijrat) immigration, the prophet was appointed by God to inform people two important subjects of Islamic religion, and those two subjects were: First pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj), Second trusteeship (vilayat) and the twelve Imams's (a) caliphate. After this notice, people were in a hurry to leave Mecca. After people reached to Ghadir Khom place, the Prophet (P.B.U.H) ascended a pulpit that was built under an old tree there, and then commanded Amir-al-Mo'menin's (A.S) to come and stand near the Prophet and on the right hand of that holiness, so the Prophet (s) stood waiting until all the people gathered, and then delivered his formal lecture.

 He did two acts while speaking, first, after preparations and mentioning Amir-al-Mo'menin's (A.S) Vilayat and caliphate 's rank and, for removing any doubt and uncertainty, after describing Vilayat rank, he called Amir-Al-Mo'menin's (A.S) as his successor, and said: "No one explains the inner part of Quran and its interpretation, save this person whom I have taken his hands and raised them up, and take his arms and raise them up", and then his holiness took Imam Ali's (a) arms and said: "whoever I am his superior, this Ali is his superior". The prophet's (s) second act was to get allegiance from the people, and since receiving allegiance from that large crowd was impossible, therefore some people by different excuses might not swear allegiance, his Excellency said because of the crowdedness it is impossible to receive allegiance from everyone, so repeat this words that I say after me and say: "we obey your command that is from God, about Ali the son of Abitalib's leaderships and his followers, and we agree with them, and we will swear allegiance with our hearts, souls, tongue and hands on this claim...... the promise and commitment about this for them, from our hearts, souls, tongues, conscience and hands were taken for them. Whoever could acknowledge to that with his hands, otherwise with his tongue.

 When the speech of his holiness ended, all the people repeated his words and this way the public allegiance was taken. In allegiance ceremony, the Prophet (s) took his turban named "Sahab", and put it on Amir-al-Mo'menin's (A.S) head as a crown of honor.

 The allegations of hypocrites and enemies, concerning the Ghadir ceremony target is to publicize the Prophet (s)'s friendship to Ali (a):

 The time when the companions gathered for the lecture and the ceremony of Ghadir, the Prophet said: "O! People, I love Ali" and repeated the sentence many times; and the question that is raised here is: Is this the event that the Prophet (s) wanted people to see, and tell everyone else about it?  Was it the reason that the Prophet (s) loved Ali? Is this movement acceptable from a normal person? And wasn't it a useless movement? In addition, hadn't Muslims known already that the Prophet (s) loves him? However, we can answer this matter like this: that if the Ghadir day was only for informing the friendship, then why Gabriel, that great angel of inspiration, comes and informs God's messenger about the message of inspiration. And as God's messenger (s) himself said: indeed Gabriel (P.B.U.H) came to me three times and delivered God's greetings and told me to stand in this place (Ghadir Khom) and to declare to the black and white of you, that Ali the son of Abitalib is your executer, successor and leader after me, his position towards me is as Haroon's position towards the Prophet Moses (a), with this difference that there won't be any prophet after me; Ali (a) after the Prophet (s) is your leader. God revealed a verse in Quran about this case and said: indeed your commander and superior is God, his messenger and those who had faith and those who say their daily prayers, and pay alms when they are bowing to God. As we know, Ali (a) said his daily prayers, and as he was bowing paid alms, and in every situation used to seek God, and if the only target of his holiness was publicizing his friendship with Ali (a), then why is it revealed the verse (55 Maida); (Inform what revealed to you): concerns Imam Ali's (a) leadership announcement, that in that verse God says: O! the Prophet of God inform what revealed to you from God about Ali, meaning telling the Muslims about Ali's (a) leadership over the Islamic nation, and why in his lecture, expressed the leadership and guardianship of Imam Ali (a) publicly.

The lectures before Ghadir

The first lecture of his holiness the Messenger (s) was in Mena. This lecture indicates Muslim's social protection from the aspect of wealth, soul and honor. Then that Excellency donated the unfair murder blood and unfair wealth that were taken in the pre-Islamic period, so in this way any hatefulness could be cleaned. And then in this lecture, He said: "if I weren't be there, Ali the son of Abitalib will stand against the violators", and then he told the Thaghalein Hadith; " I will leave two valuable things behind for you, that if you take hold of these two, you will never be deviant: God's Book and my relatives (Ahlulbeit) ".

The second lecture of his holiness was in Haneef mosque in Mena, in this lecture he advised people for the act's ethic, sympathizing for Muslims'leader and not causing disunion, and declared all Muslim's equality towards their rights and God's laws.

Taking a look at Ghadir Day Hadith in Sunnite Sources

In the first volume of Ibn Ma'je's traditions, page 55/56 it is written that: "we were returning from Hajj trip with God's Messenger, and on the way he told everyone to gather around, then he spoke to the crowed and said: am I not worthier than the believers themselves? They said: yes, you are, and then he said: this person- Ali (a) - is the guardian of whom I am his guardian, O! Lord! Love whoever loves him, and antagonize whoever antagonizes him.

Tarmazy in his second complete volume with his proof, quotes from Moslimeh the son of Koheil that said, I have heard from Abu Tofeil that he has heard from either Abu Sareehe or Zeid the son of Arham, from God's Messenger (s) quotes that the Prophet (s) said: "whoever I am his guardian, Ali is his guardian". His Majma'a Alzawaed book, has brought the Hadith of Ghadir firstly quoted from Teyrany, then from Ali's (a) saying quotes also that said: by the Prophet's (s) command in Khom region First, they cleaned the bush woods under a tree, then the Prophet (s) while he was holding my hands said to people: O! People!  Won't you testify that God is your Lord? They said: yes, we testify. Then said: Won't you testify that God and his messenger are worthier than you are for yourselves? And that your God and his messenger are your superior? They said: yes, just as you said. The Prophet (s) said: whoever God and his messenger is his superior, this man will be his superior.

Ghadir from the viewpoint of the Prophet's Household

The great prophet (P.B.U.H) said: Ghadir Khom day is the best feast for my people, and that is the day that God Almighty ordered me to introduce my brother Ali (a) as (guidance) knowledge for my nation, so after me they will be guided by him.

His holiness Ali (a) says: he, in the year that Friday and Ghadir feast took place in the same day said: Today, is a very big day, today is the day that the religion becomes complete, today is the day of promise and compact, today, is the day of expressing the reality of the faith. Today is the day of driving away the devil.

Holiness Fatima Zahra (s): Mohammad the son of Labeed said: one day I said to her holiness Fatima (s) did God's Messenger specified over Ali's (a) leadership? His holiness said: how strange! Have you forgotten the Ghadir day! Imam Hassan Mojtaba, in year 41 A.D, the time when Imam Hassan Mojtaba (a) wanted to conclude the peace treaty with Moa'via, while delivering his lecture said: this nation saw my grandfather (s) and heard from him, that he took my father's hand in Ghadir Khom and said to them: "whoever I am his superior, Ali is his superior too, O! God love whoever loves him, and antagonize whoever antagonizes him, then ordered the attendant tell who are absents.

Imam Mohammad Baqir (a) said: Satan groaned four days from weakness and cravenness: the day he was cursed, the day he was sent to the earth, the day that the great Prophet (s) was chosen as the Prophet and the Ghadir feast day.

In the book of Thawab-al-A'mal, there is a quote from Qasim the son of Yahya, that he quotes from his grandfather Hassan the son of Rashid that: I told Imam Sadiq (a): O! My soul for you; are there any other feasts for Muslims other than Fitr and Ghorban? He said: O! Hassan! Yes, the feast that is more noble and better than these two feasts. I said: which day is that? He said: the day that Amir-Al-Mo'menin's (A.S) was chosen as the sign of guidance for people. I asked: in which day of week did it happen? He said: days are changing in years, that day is the 18th of Zihijah, I said: my soul for you, what is proper for us to do on that day? He said: O! Hassan! Do fasting on that day and send greetings to Mohammad and his Household a lot, and in God's presence, disgust those who oppressed him, and denied their rights, the past prophets used to advice their executer to celebrate this day. Hassan the son of Rashid says I said: what award will be given to those who fast on this day? He said: it equals 60 months of fasting.

Imam Riza (a) says: this day, is the day of Mohammad's (a) Household feast. Whoever celebrates this day, God will raise his wealth.

Imam Hadi (a) says: the Ghadir day is the feast day, and it is the best feast for the Prophet's Household and their followers.

Was Ghadir an unexpected move and all-at-once act or had been decided before?

One of the questions that are raised about Ghadir is that: was Ghadir an unexpected move or had been decided before?  Or wasn't there any discussion about this, and in (Johfe) region once the great prophet (s) inspired divinely to choose Ali(a) as your successor, otherwise you have never publicized the religion, which one of these two viewpoints are right? Surely, the second viewpoint is right and it was not like that in Ghadir and suddenly, without any record the prophet (s) was inspired divinely to introduce Ali (a) as your successor, and if you won't introduce him, you have not publicized the religion. No, it wasn't like that, because the past of Ali's (a) succession returns to the time of formal and public notice of Islamic religion. And from that time that the blessed verse (and warn your near relative) was revealed, and according to that the prophet (s) was ordered to gather his relatives and familiar them with his invitation and talks, in the same day the succession of Imam Ali (a) was announced, and after that the honorable Messenger during his prophetic period raised the subject of Imam Ali's succession many times. And in this matter we have a lot of valid documents that even some of the researchers of Sunnite also admit to that. As an example: Emran the son of Hassin says: the great Prophet (s) said:

Truly, Ali is from me and I am from Ali, and he is the guardian of every believer after me.

The Miracle of Ghadir

The strange event that was considered as a miracle happened in the Ghadir feast day and that was the story of (Harith Fahawi). In the last hours of the third day, he came to the Prophet (s) with his 12 friends and said:

 "O! Mohammad! I have three questions of you: Have you brought the testament for God's singularity and his prophet from your lord or from yourself? Have you brought the praying, alms, hajj and the holy war from your lord or from yourself? And about Ali the son of Abitalib you said: "whoever I am his superior Ali is also his superior "was it from your lord or from yourself?

 His holiness answered three questions in this way: "God has inspired me, and who intermediates between me and God is Gabriel, and I am the Messenger of God's message, and without God's permission I won't publicize any news".

 Harith said: "O! God, if what Mohammad says is the truth and is from you, pour a rock from heaven over us or send us a dreadful torture" the speech of Harith ended then he went. God sent him a rock from the heaven that went inside his brain and went out from his behind, and in the same place had destroyed him. After this story, the verse "One demanding, demanded the chastisement which must befall, the unbelievers-there is none to avert it." Sure Maa'rij the verse 1 and 2 revealed. The Prophet (s) said to his companions: did you see and hear? They said yes. With this miracle, it was certain that (Ghadir) had risen from revelation source and it is God's command.

Conclusion

Ghadir day by Imam Jafar Sadiq (a) saying is the biggest and the best Islamic celebrations. Ghadir is a feast that from all feasts, its massiveness, nobility, virtue and veneration is more. In this day, the great Prophet (s), on God's command, appointed his holiness Ali (a) for the leadership and caliphate after himself; according to the holy Quran in such a day, the religion and God's blessings completed and finished for the Muslims; according to Imam Sadiq (a) saying, in this magnificent day it is necessary to hold on a celebration and visit each other and congratulate and felicitate to each other.

I can express some other aspects of Ghadir in this way:

1- God's words that "O! Prophet! Inform what is revealed to you from God and if you do not, you have not delivered the prophetic message, that in none of God's commands, this has been mentioned.

2- Taking confesses from people in Ghadir day by His holiness the messenger (s).

3- The leadership subject wasn't informed only as news, message and lecture, but was performed as God's command and order, and allegiance of public Muslims and their obligation.

4- God's words when said:"today I completed your religion and completed My blessing to you" that till that day it was not mentioned in any case.

 

The Prophet's (s) intentions from the lecture of Ghadir can be expressed in some issues:

1. Inferring from 23 years of efforts, by choosing a successor to continue this way.

2. Protecting the Islam forever from the unbelievers and hypocrites by choosing the successors who can manage this significant issue.

3. Formal action for choosing caliph that according to the nations' law always has validity during the history.

4. Expressing a comprehensive period from 23 years, and past and present of the Muslims.

5. Designing the future policy of the Muslim's until the end of life.

6. The ultimatum for people that is the main intentions for sending the prophets.

 

Saturday, December 06, 2008 - 15:53

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